Chemical elements
    Amorphous Sulphur
    Colloidal Sulphur
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
      Hydrogen Sulphide
      Metal Polysulphides
      Hydrogen Polysulphides
      Hydrogen Pentasulphide
      Hydrogen Trisulphide
      Hydrogen Disulphide
      Sulphur Monofluoride
      Sulphur Tetrafluoride
      Sulphur Hexafluoride
      Sulphur Monochloride
      Sulphur Dichloride
      Sulphur Tetrachloride
      Sulphur Monobromide
      Thionyl Fluoride
      Sulphuryl Fluoride
      Fluorosulphonic Acid
      Thionyl Chloride
      Sulphuryl Chloride
      Sulphur Oxytetrachloride
      Pyrosulphuryl Chloride
      Chlorosulphonic Acid
      Thionyl Bromide
      Sodium Sulphoxylate
      Sulphur Dioxide
      Sulphurous Acid
      Sulphur Trioxide
      Pyrosulphuric Acid
      Sulphuric Acid
      Persulphuric Anhydride
      Persulphuric Acid or Perdisulphuric Acid
      Permonosulphuric Acid
      Amidopermonosulphuric Acid
      Thiosulphuric Acid
      Polythionic Acids
      Dithionic Acid
      Trithionic Acid
      Tetrathionic Acid
      Pentathionic Acid
      Wackenroders Solution
      Hexathionic Acid
      Polythionic Acids
      Sulphur Sesquioxide
      Hydrosulphurous Acid
      Nitrogen Sulphide
      Nitrogen Persulphide
      Nitrogen Pentasulphide
      Nitrogen Chlorosulphide
      Trithiazyl Chloride
      Thiotrithiazyl Chloride
      Dithiotetrathiazyl Chloride
      Nitrogen Bromosulphide
      Thiotrithiazyl Bromide
      Thiotrithiazyl Iodide
      Thiotrithiazyl Nitrate
      Thiotrithiazyl Hydrogen Sulphate
      Thiotrithiazyl Thiocyanate
      Sulphonic Acids
      Amidosulphonic Acid
      Imidosulphonic Acid
      Nitrilosulphonic Acid
      Hydroxylamine-monosulphonic Acid
      Nitrososulphonic Acid
      Hydroxylamine-disulphonic Acid
      Hydroxylamine-isodisulphonic Acid
      Hydroxylamine-trisulphonic Acid
      Dihydroxylamidosulphonic Acid
      Sulphazinic Acid
      Sulphazotinic Acid
      Dehydrosulphazotinic Acid
      Nitrosulphonic Acid
      Nitrosulphonyl Chloride
      Nitrosulphonic Anhydride
      Nitrosulphuric Acid
      Nitrosodisulphonic Acid
      Sulphonitronic Acid
      Sulphates of Hydroxylamine
      Hydroxylamine Dithionate
      Hydrazine Dithionate
      Hydrazine Amidosulphonate
      Carbon Subsulphide
      Carbon Monosulphide
      Carbon Disulphide
      Thiocarbonic Acid
      Ammonium thiocarbonate
      Thiolcarbonic Acid
      Xanthic Acid
      Perthiocarbonic Acid
      Sodium perthiocarbonate
      Carbonyl Sulphide
      Thiocarbonyl Chloride
      Thiocarbonyl Tetrachloride or
      Carbon Hexachlorosulphide
      Trichloromethyl Disulphide
      Thiocarbonyl Sulphochloride
      Carbon Bromosulphide
      Amino-derivatives of Thiocarbonic Acid
      Dithiocarbamic Acid
      Azidodithiocarbonic Acid
      Cyanogen Monosulphide
      Cyanogen Trisulphide
      Sulphur Thiocyanate
      Disulphur Dithiocyanate
      Thiocyanic Acid
      Dithiocyanic Acid
      Trithiocyanuric Acid
      Perthiocyanic Acid

Sulphur Sesquioxide, S2O3

Buchholz in 1804 observed that fuming sulphuric acid could dissolve finely divided sulphur, giving an unstable blue solution. In 1812 Vogel obtained the coloured substance by the direct addition of sulphur to liquid sulphur trioxide at the ordinary temperature; drops of a bluish-green liquid separated, which solidified in crusts. The main excess of trioxide was drained away, complete removal being effected by careful evaporation near 38° C. By the addition of liquid sulphur trioxide to finely powdered sulphur, instead of vice versa, the product is more easily obtainable.

The bluish-green crystalline mass is very unstable and decomposes fairly rapidly even at the ordinary temperature, giving sulphur dioxide and sulphur. The pure substance may be preserved for several hours in a vacuum. It is hygroscopic, and on absorbing moisture first becomes brown and then deposits sulphur, with concurrent formation of sulphur dioxide, sulphuric acid and possibly other sulphur acids. It is soluble in fuming sulphuric acid, an acid rich in trioxide giving a bluish solution, whilst with less rich acids the solution is brown; ordinary pure sulphuric acid causes decomposition. The colour of the brown solution is regarded by some as due to colloidal sulphur formed by partial decomposition of the sesquioxide.

Nitric acid or bromine causes rapid oxidation of the oxide, which may be accompanied by explosion. Pure dry ether also reacts violently, with separation of sulphur and formation of a yellow solution which, on evaporation, yields a yellow oil. Absolute alcohol acts similarly.

The composition of the oxide suggests that it may be an acid anhydride, but all attempts to convert it into hydrosulphurous acid, H2S2O4, or its derivatives, have been unsuccessful.

Analogous oxides are known containing one atom of sulphur replaced by selenium or tellurium. The tellurium compound, tellurium sulphoxide, STeO3, decomposes with production of tellurium monoxide, TeO, when gradually heated in a vacuum to 225° C. Attempts to produce sulphur monoxide similarly from sulphur sesquioxide have not been successful.

An application has been suggested for this sesquioxide in the preparation of certain organic dyes containing sulphur.

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