Chemical elements
  Sulphur
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Extraction
    Refining
    Applications
    Allotropy
    Crystalline
    Amorphous Sulphur
    Colloidal Sulphur
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
    Detection
    Estimation
    Compounds
      Hydrogen Sulphide
      Metal Polysulphides
      Hydrogen Polysulphides
      Hydrogen Pentasulphide
      Hydrogen Trisulphide
      Hydrogen Disulphide
      Sulphur Monofluoride
      Sulphur Tetrafluoride
      Sulphur Hexafluoride
      Sulphur Monochloride
      Sulphur Dichloride
      Sulphur Tetrachloride
      Sulphur Monobromide
      Thionyl Fluoride
      Sulphuryl Fluoride
      Fluorosulphonic Acid
      Thionyl Chloride
      Sulphuryl Chloride
      Sulphur Oxytetrachloride
      Pyrosulphuryl Chloride
      Chlorosulphonic Acid
      Thionyl Bromide
      Sodium Sulphoxylate
      Sulphur Dioxide
      Sulphurous Acid
      Sulphites
      Sulphur Trioxide
      Pyrosulphuric Acid
      Pyrosulphates
      Sulphuric Acid
      Persulphuric Anhydride
      Persulphuric Acid or Perdisulphuric Acid
      Perdisulphates
      Permonosulphuric Acid
      Amidopermonosulphuric Acid
      Thiosulphuric Acid
      Thiosulphates
      Polythionic Acids
      Dithionic Acid
      Trithionic Acid
      Trithionates
      Tetrathionic Acid
      Tetrathionates
      Pentathionic Acid
      Pentathionates
      Wackenroders Solution
      Hexathionic Acid
      Polythionic Acids
      Sulphur Sesquioxide
      Hydrosulphurous Acid
      Hydrosulphites
      Nitrogen Sulphide
      Nitrogen Persulphide
      Nitrogen Pentasulphide
      Sulphammonium
      Hexasulphamide
      Nitrogen Chlorosulphide
      Trithiazyl Chloride
      Thiotrithiazyl Chloride
      Dithiotetrathiazyl Chloride
      Nitrogen Bromosulphide
      Thiotrithiazyl Bromide
      Thiotrithiazyl Iodide
      Thiotrithiazyl Nitrate
      Thiotrithiazyl Hydrogen Sulphate
      Thiotrithiazyl Thiocyanate
      Thionylamide
      Sulphamide
      Imidodisulphamide
      Sulphimide
      Sulphonic Acids
      Amidosulphonic Acid
      Imidosulphonic Acid
      Nitrilosulphonic Acid
      Hydroxylamine-monosulphonic Acid
      Nitrososulphonic Acid
      Hydroxylamine-disulphonic Acid
      Hydroxylamine-isodisulphonic Acid
      Hydroxylamine-trisulphonic Acid
      Dihydroxylamidosulphonic Acid
      Sulphazinic Acid
      Sulphazotinic Acid
      Dehydrosulphazotinic Acid
      Nitrosulphonic Acid
      Nitrosulphonyl Chloride
      Nitrosulphonic Anhydride
      Nitrosulphuric Acid
      Nitrosodisulphonic Acid
      Sulphonitronic Acid
      Sulphates of Hydroxylamine
      Hydroxylamine Dithionate
      Hydrazine Dithionate
      Hydrazine Amidosulphonate
      Carbon Subsulphide
      Carbon Monosulphide
      Carbon Disulphide
      Thioformaldehyde
      Thiocarbonic Acid
      Ammonium thiocarbonate
      Thiolcarbonic Acid
      Xanthic Acid
      Perthiocarbonic Acid
      Sodium perthiocarbonate
      Carbonyl Sulphide
      Thiocarbonyl Chloride
      Thiocarbonyl Tetrachloride or
      Carbon Hexachlorosulphide
      Trichloromethyl Disulphide
      Thiocarbonyl Sulphochloride
      Carbon Bromosulphide
      Amino-derivatives of Thiocarbonic Acid
      Dithiocarbamic Acid
      Thiocarbamide
      Azidodithiocarbonic Acid
      Thiocyanogen
      Cyanogen Monosulphide
      Cyanogen Trisulphide
      Sulphur Thiocyanate
      Disulphur Dithiocyanate
      Thiocyanic Acid
      Thiocyanates
      Dithiocyanic Acid
      Trithiocyanuric Acid
      Perthiocyanic Acid
      Perthiocyanogen
      Sulphates

Sulphonitronic Acid






Sulphonitronic Acid or "Purple Acid"-For a considerable time the existence of an unstable compound which yields a purple solution in sulphuric acid has been known. Of various names which have been suggested for this compound, the designation "sulphonitronic acid" possesses the advantage of indicating the nature of the chief constituent elements without committing itself to any definite conception of the structure or constitution. The acid has been regarded as a derivative of quadrivalent nitrogen, viz. " nitrosisulphonic acid," O:N(OH).SO2.OH, or peroxylaminic acid, NO(SO2.OH)2. Unfortunately the question of the actual constitution is still undecided, and even the composition is uncertain. According to more recent investigations it appears probable that the " acid" is either an oxide of nitrogen intermediate between NO and N2O3, or a compound of sulphuric acid with such an oxide. On account of this uncertainty the compound is frequently referred to merely as "purple acid" (also "blue acid " and "violet acid"). It has possibly acquired undue importance on account of its occurrence as an intermediate product in the "lead chamber" process for the manufacture of sulphuric acid.


Formation

The coloured solution in sulphuric acid is obtainable by passing nitrogen dioxide with air into a saturated solution of sulphur dioxide in diluted sulphuric acid (1:1 by volume) at 0° C. It can also be formed by the addition of sodium hydrogen sulphite to a solution of nitrosulphonic (nitrosylsulphuric) acid, produced by dissolving sodium nitrite in slightly diluted sulphuric acid. These methods depend on the reduction of the nitrosulphonic acid by sulphurous acid or sulphur dioxide; the reduction can also be effected by metals, e.g. mercury.

Properties

The blue solution is unstable and decomposes slowly, with formation of sulphuric acid, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. When shaken with air or submitted to oxidation by chlorine, nitric acid or hydrogen peroxide, conversion into nitrosulphonic acid is effected, brown fumes being liberated. Dilution with water also destroys the coloured substance. If strongly cooled, the solution changes to an intense red, so that if a solution is too weak to possess a marked colour at the ordinary temperature, the presence of the "purple acid" can easily be detected by cooling in a mixture of acetone and solid carbon dioxide.

Certain of the salts in solution have a stronger colour than the acid, and in some cases are more stable; thus, a deep blue solution of the copper salt may be obtained by the reduction of nitrosulphonic acid (in sulphuric acid) by mercury in the presence of copper. A suggestion has been made that the colour in the "brown ring" test for a nitrate is due to the formation of the ferrous salt of "purple acid," but this is improbable.
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